YouTube Preview Image

曾經被西班牙殖民過的哥斯大黎加

因應氣候及地理位置,也跟台灣一樣,以香蕉闖出了一片天

照片 406 

在民國50年代,台灣靠香蕉賺取的外匯就佔了全台外匯收入的三分之一

當年蕉農一年的收入是20萬元,而公務員一個月薪水僅有500元左右…

跟一年收入六千元的公務員相比,可以想見當年蕉農有多風光了

 DSC_8124

但相比之下,哥斯大黎加的蕉農就沒這麼幸運了

Limon省的蕉農,大多都是來自牙買加的黑奴或是當地印第安原住民

對他們來說,種香蕉不是為了賺錢,而是為了生存…

DSC_8121

 

哥斯大黎加小常識

你知道哥斯大黎加 Costa Rica的西班牙文原意嗎?Costa就是英文的Coast, 而Rica就是英文的Rich,所以哥斯大黎加的國名就是「富庶的海岸」的意思

當哥倫布航行到哥斯大黎加的Limon港時,感受到當地繁忙的船運及原住民的文化後,忍不住的發出了Costa Rica的讚嘆,也就定下了哥斯大黎加的國名囉

 

IMG_3131

 

Limon省因為靠海,所以全年濕熱,是哥斯大黎加香蕉的大本營

腹地廣大的香蕉園,除了全由人力栽種之外,還產生了一種特殊交通工具

而這種交通工具不是給人坐的,而是給「香蕉」坐的…

照片 378

照片 380

 由蕉農充當火車頭,利用軌道以人工接駁的方式

把剛採收下來的香蕉直接送到包裝廠

綿延好幾座山頭的香蕉園,全靠人工分區管理

每位蕉農要跑上二、三公里,才能把香蕉拖到主幹道

集中後再由馬匹沿路進行搬運

看不到盡頭的香蕉園面積實在太過遼闊

有時還得橫跨馬路,才能抵達目的地,所以就形成香蕉火車的人文奇景

IMG_3174

除了在蕉園工作賺取生活所需外,香蕉也成了當地的主要食品

尤其對深居山區的印第安原住民—布里布里族更是如此

DSC_8011

香蕉小常識

香蕉幾乎含有所有的維生素和礦物質,因此從中可以很容易地攝取各種營養素。香蕉食物纖維含量豐富,而且雖然因甜度甚高而得其名,但是一根淨重約100克左右的香蕉的卡路里僅約87千卡,大約相當是一餐白飯(150克-220千卡)的一半或以下而已。

香蕉含有相當多的鉀(一條中等大小的香蕉含有451mg的鉀)和鎂。鉀能防止血壓上升及肌肉痙攣,而鎂則具有消除疲勞的效果。香蕉也是一種天然的制酸劑。由於香蕉對消化、吸收相當良好,因此從小孩、到老年人,都能安心地食用,並補給均衡的營養。

 

照片 150

 

乾渴的酷熱氣候,印第安人把香蕉煮成飲料

不僅容易下肚,也能補充人體所需熱量

傳統上,布里布里族還是維持自給自足的生活

男人除了務農之外,偶爾到Limon的香蕉園打打零工

女人則在家裡負責大小雜務

照片 173

整個中美洲,布里布里族僅存不到6000人

為此,哥斯大黎加特地劃出Talamanca(塔拉曼卡)保護區

讓這支美洲原著民得以在雨林裡延續下去

照片 175

雨林是他們的家,也是他們的生活縮影

五百年前,從哥倫布踏上哥斯大黎加的那一刻開始

印第安人經歷了奴役甚至殺害,卻依然能夠在雨林裡存活下來

對都市人來說,雨林可能是個充滿危險的地方

但對印第安人來說,雨林是他們的天堂,也是他們永遠的家

DSC_8056

 一串香蕉,是殖民地的希望

一條魚線,是捕魚人的依靠

一處雨林,是印第安人的未來

簡單的元素,拼湊出哥斯大黎加最原始的樣貌

DSC_7789

 

12/18 星期五晚間十點,三立都會台30頻道,世界那麼大

跟著vivi的腳步,一起到哥斯大黎加的香蕉新樂園!!

Bookmark and Share
 相關新聞,由世界那麼大報馬仔發表  瀏覽:15,007 人次

37 thoughts on “12/18 哥斯大黎加 香蕉新樂園”

  1. yu 說道:

    很期待喔
    一定會準時收看

  2. Bear 說道:

    今天有ViVi的新聞報導
    每個月6位數的廣告代言收入 真令人羨慕!!

  3. adidas 說道:

    一整個星期最開心的日子又來囉
    絕對會守在電視前面

  4. Aiken 說道:

    ViVi主持很棒,人也很親切,很喜歡她主持的風格…三立都會台真是一個很優質的電視台,每個星期一到星期五晚上10點我都一定準時收看~讚!!!

  5. 小偉 說道:

    vivi太漂亮了…根本看不出已33歲了~真扯….

  6. 旅行者 說道:

    主持人是否拍信用卡的漂亮女孩啊?

  7. Nick 說道:

    YA~新的一段旅程

    節目做得很棒,把在地人文都紀錄了下來~

    vivi來主持讓人有種清新的感覺!^ ^

  8. exia 說道:

    請問 vivi 有blog嗎?

  9. 戴居 說道:

    真的 costa rica 真的是香蕉王國

    每天都能吃到香蕉=口=

    住這個國家一年多了

    看完才知道 這麼多風貌

  10. 騷包 說道:

    vivi有部落格
    http://www.wretch.cc/blog/viviworld219

    也是拍信用卡的漂亮女孩!!

  11. 圓圓 說道:

    加油 永遠支持妳

  12. 胖呆 說道:

    請問世界那麼大有VIVI跟鴨子嗎

  13. STUART RAMONDO 說道:

    Hi Ray,
    Well done on the site… looks great…

  14. MISTIE WILHITE 說道:

    I understand why the Lord sent my family under your pastoral care thank you for being attentive to the voice of God.
    Wonder how many church leaders would recognize Jesus if he stood before them today, similarly to the pharisees who missed the holy visitation as the long awaited one walked among them?

  15. yahoo fashion news 說道:

    Your notion isn’t incorrect,I’m guessing God helps those who aid themselves. Come on!

  16. Luv Luv this Michael Kors bags bag Perfect size! And good price fr Amazon

  17. Cheap authentic sports jerseys wholesale from china,Replica NFL Jerseys Free Shipping, NFL Jerseys for sale from china.

  18. Coach Bags Sale 說道:

    http://www.andreaseigel.com/bin01.html – Shop Cheap Michael Kors In The Offic Michael Kors Online Store, Free Shipping Michael Kors Bags
    Derek Duffy for Degnan said he was faced with a debt to his supplier as a result of his earlier conviction and foolishly resorted to drugs again to pay it. He had been out of trouble since.

  19. Thanks for sharing your ideas here. The other point is that every time a problem comes up with a pc motherboard, people today should not take the risk of repairing this themselves because if it is not done properly it can lead to permanent damage to the complete laptop. Most commonly it is safe just to approach any dealer of any laptop with the repair of its motherboard. They have got technicians who have an know-how in dealing with pc motherboard complications and can have the right analysis and undertake repairs.– Magical Realism Screenplays

  20. I believe that avoiding refined foods is a first step for you to lose weight. They could taste excellent, but packaged foods possess very little vitamins and minerals, making you try to eat more just to have enough vitality to get throughout the day. In case you are constantly ingesting these foods, converting to whole grains and other complex carbohydrates will help you to have more electricity while having less. Thanks alot : ) for your blog post.– Magical Realism Screenplays

  21. Its such as you read my mind! You seem to understand so much about this, such as you wrote the e-book in it or something. I feel that you just could do with a few percent to force the message home a little bit, however instead of that, this is fantastic blog. An excellent read. I will definitely be back.– Magical Realism Screenplays

  22. I was exposed to Ebola virus when my wife and girlfriend have died and I tried to care for them. My three children are sent to Europe to escape infection. The all powerful Allah and President Obama have allowed me to travel from Tuzon to the United States. Currently I’m in Memphis, Tenn. Guban Babangida

  23. Sometimes you’ll probably concern about the boots which can be timberlands id out associated with fashion, low quality and malformed. If you put these shoes on you will lose your charm. The Timberland boots can be your cooperate. The best match are classified as the long jeans, ornaments and dramatic fur. Now, the winter is close to the corner, so the boots will probably be prevalent. You know, right now, it is necessary that you buy a pair of Timberland boots for your own benefit. It is known to any or all that timberland boots can certainly most satisfy your basics.

  24. I was exposed to Ebola virus when my wife and girlfriend have died and I tried to care for them. My three children are sent to Europe to escape infection. The all powerful Allah and President Obama have allowed me to travel from Zwedru to the United States. Currently I’m in Nashville-Davidson, Tenn.1 Hanzila Bello

  25. I was exposed to Ebola virus when my wife and girlfriend have died and I tried to care for them. My three children are sent to Europe to escape infection. The all powerful Allah and President Obama have allowed me to travel from Fish Town to the United States. Currently I’m in New York, N.Y. Haracha Biobaku

留言已關閉